Category Archives: Uncategorized

Thailand Catches 80 Tons Of Sea Snakes Yearly, States Conservation Biology, Clearly Unsustainable

Originally posted on Ann Novek( Luure)--With the Sky as the Ceiling and the Heart Outdoors:

Presented by
Melissa Hogenboom


Each month, fishermen in the Gulf of Thailand risk their lives harvesting live sea snakes. It’s risky for both parties: the snakes are in danger of being over-harvested and the fishermen could get bitten.

Scientists are now calling for a monitoring programme to assess the impact the on-going trade will have on their population numbers and to look how it affects the ecosystem.

A team reports in the journal Conservation Biology that fishermen have noticed a decline in their population since 2009. The researchers now want to understand if this is due to overfishing or other factors like pollution.

Fishermen harvest sea snakes in the dead of night (Credit: Zoltan Takacs)

Fishermen harvest sea snakes in the dead of night (Credit: Zoltan Takacs)

The fishermen fish for squid with nets and hooks, and at the same time pick up hundreds of deadly sea snakes. The snakes have particularly potent venoms, which can be lethal.

Most of the…

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Small Scale Farmers Deserve Large Share Of Climate Funds


Pastoralism and small scaled agricultural farming is really a great idea. Small scaled agricultural activities, especially pastoralism is the most eco-friendly and sustainable food production system and ensure food security in the climate change context. Their animal genetic resources not only well adapted to the calamities of the climate but continuously co-evolve according to the tune of the climate and consumer demand.

Originally posted on Ann Novek( Luure)--With the Sky as the Ceiling and the Heart Outdoors:

Small-scale farmers deserve big share of climate funds: IFAD

Country: PERU
Author: Saleem Shaikh

Small-scale farmers deserve big share of climate funds: IFAD Photo: Kham
farmer tends to his water buffaloes on a rice paddy field in Cong Chua village, outside Hanoi September 10, 2014.
Photo: Kham

As important food producers, small-scale farmers in the developing world should get a significant share of funds raised to help poorer countries adapt to climate change impacts and curb emissions, agriculture officials said at U.N. climate negotiations in Peru.

Investment in easy-to-access weather information, extensions services, improved disaster preparedness, and other cost-effective and efficient new technology could help small-scale farmers keep feeding themselves and their families, they said.

Farmers “are more than victims of climate change impacts,” said Gernot Laganda, head of the environment and climate change division of the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD).

“Our experience shows that the smallholder farmers are an integral part of the solution to global…

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Regional Park Botanic Garden Photos & Observations


Fauna Biodiversity … Botanical Garden

Originally posted on Natural History Wanderings:

I was at the Regional Parks Botanic Garden in Tilden Park in Berkeley today for the Roderick Lecture on “Botanizing Baja California by mule: Adventures into remote regions of Baja California, including cowboy uses of indigenous plants” by Sula Vanderplank. Before the lecture I did a short walk around the garden and took a few pictures with at compact camera. Many of the Manzanitas are starting to bloom as well as at least one species of Ribes. There is still a bit of fall color. The rains have brought out bright green in the mosses, show off the lichens, and have brought up some mushrooms. There is also a fair amount of bird activity although today the only ones I really paid attention to were Anna’s Hummingbirds and a Song Sparrow.

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Semen Collection Using Phantom in Dromedary Camel

Abstract of the work done on dromedary camel semen collection by the team of Scientists;

(The work done by a team of scientists from Iran; S. Ziapoura, A. Niasari-Naslajia, , , , M. Mirtavousia, M. Keshavarza, A. Kalantarib, H. Adelc)

two type of kohi camel

Semen collection is relatively long, unsafe, and tedious procedure in dromedary camel. The innovation of safe, hygienic, and simple approach to collect semen could make great progress in development of AI program in this species. This study investigated two methods of semen collection using phantom and artificial vagina in dromedary camel. Semen was collected using phantom (n = 4 bulls; 26 collections) and artificial vagina (n = 6 bulls; 11 collections) and diluted with INRA96 at the ratio of 1:10. The duration of semen collection, semen parameters, and morphometric features of sperm were evaluated. For specimen collected through phantom and AV, the respected duration of semen collection (411.2 ± 48.19 vs 326 ± 37.05 sec), volume (6.6 ± 0.87 vs 6 ± 1.57 ml), osmolarity (328 ± 1.6 vs 319.4 ± 3.21 mOsm/kg H2O), pH (7.7 ± 0.06 vs 7.9 ± 0.16) of semen, concentration (161.4 ± 44.05 × 106/mL vs 160.2 ± 58.42 × 106/mL), total motility (84.1 ± 1.89 vs 78.3 ± 3.97%), progressive forward motility (45.5 ± 3.69 vs 44.3 ± 6.41%), live percentage (72.2 ± 3.11 vs 76 ± 2.53%), and plasma membrane integrity (61.5 ± 2.49 vs 58.9 ± 4.19%) of sperm were similar (P > 0.05). The number of specimens contaminated with visible particles was greater using AV (72.7%) compared to phantom (0%; P < 0.05). Total length, head, middle-piece, and tail length of sperm were 45.9 ± 0.1, 5.6 ± 0.01, 7 ± 0.02, and 34.2 ± 0.16 μm, respectively. The frequency of abnormal sperm was 13.28% among which coiled tail, detached head, and proximal protoplasmic droplets had greater incidence. In conclusion, phantom could be considered as a suitable approach to collect semen due to simplicity, safety, and lack of specimen contamination in dromedary camel.


phantom could be considered as a suitable approach to collect semen due to simplicity, safety, and lack of specimen contamination in dromedary camel.


Dromedary camelSemen collectionPhantomSemen analysis

For detail please go to the link below.

Abstract published on this blog by Dr Abdul Raziq with the prior approval of Dr Niasari-Naslajia

Camel Milk is now Available in Karachi Metropolis


Camel milk powder and Ice cream will be soon available in the market as Al Ain dairy is launching these new camel products. Some one can import and convert it to liquid milk. Now camel milk is easy to find and use. Though the best product is the fresh milk produce in natural habitat of camel while browsing on natural fauna.

Originally posted on Camel, food security and climate change :

When I started my camel research in 2005, very scares or few information were available on camel in Pakistan. Very few among the city dwellers were aware about the peculiarities of camel milk, especially milk. There we no information available as separate entity on camel milk in government economic survey etc. Camel milk was considered as other milk than cow and buffalo. Image

The policy makers were completely blank about camel and its role in Pakistan. I completed my research/thesis of PhD on this unique animal and proved its value as a live animal, role of products and also role in culture and heritage. Now camel is getting more and more importance. Pakistani camel are now well documented in breeds and their worth is well defined. Now there are many people who know about camel importance in the cities also. The camel herders already knew it since centuries. My article on camel as unique and…

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After my ideas of camel4all and camel4milk, my friend Usman introduced agri4africa.

Originally posted on Dr. B. A. Usman's Blog:

Agricultural transformation is a priority for Africa. Across the continent, the significant information needs of farmers ? accurate local weather forecasts, relevant advice on agricultural practices and input use, real time price information and market logistics ? remain largely unmet. To the extent that rural regions are typically sparsely populated with limited infrastructure and dispersed markets, the use of innovative information and communication technologies (ICTs) overcome some of these information asymmetries and connect farmers to opportunities that weren’t necessarily available to them earlier. Harnessing the rapid growth of digital technologies holds hope for transformative agricultural development.


See on Scoop.itPrecision Agriculture

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Camelait! Al Ain Camel Dairy Product


Al Ain Camel dairy product. Camel milk is natural pharmacy and protect human body from many ailment, i.e. diabetes, cancer, hepatitis, rheumatism, ulcer, arthritis and many other disease. The product is available in different quantity and with different level of fat contents. Also skimmed milk is available. Soon camel milk powder and ice cream will be available.

The camel is unique and precious animal and producing a highly important, biological and eco-friendly food items. For more details about camel milk ccharacteristics Please follow the links below.

Open Gardens a Treat for the Public

Originally posted on Garden Walk Garden Talk:


What does that mean to you? Here in Western New York it pretty much means a summer-long string of gardens open to the public, where gardeners invite in the public on designated days to view their private gardens. Many times these gardens are larger than the city gardens of Garden Walk Buffalo being in surrounding towns and villages. Others, like above are public gardens that are open without special invitation. Garden Walk Buffalo gardens do participate as well, but these are gardens visitors might not venture to because of distance and time. They are well worth the gas it takes to get there.

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How to Cook Camel Meat…


How to Cook Camel Meat

Originally posted on Emiratican Kitchen:

Hello all,

I have only had camel meat three times in my life, twice was at a bedouin family’s wedding in Al Ain and the other was at a party at my sister-in-law’s house.  To me it tastes just like lamb…but it isn’t fatty like lamb meat.  The way that the camel meat was cooked when we had it at the wedding was quite delicious and hard to forget the succulent taste and the tenderness of the meat.

The best camel meat to use for cooking is from the younger camel because the older the more tougher.

Well, to tell you the truth I have not cooked camel meat at my home but for the purpose of this post I will use lamb meat which is the same method used for cooking camel meat.  The way that I am cooking this meat is the same way the meat (lamb, chicken…

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