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Camels’ Manure~From Waste to a Worthwhile Farming Agent

Camel dung is beautiful in its architecture, dry and odorless. Camels’ manure/dung is use as a fuel agent in many developing countries, especially among the pastoralists’ communities. It is ready to burn after a very few minutes and does not need to dry in sunshine for many days like cows’ dung. In small scaled farming system it is use both for fuel and organic fertilizer. In northeastern Balochistan and Southern Afghanistan, it is use as a fertilizer for Pomegranate and wine trees(personal communication).

camel dung

In Americas, the dung of new world’s camelid (Llama) is use to neutralize the acidic, metal-laden water through a highly unusual filter: llama droppings in Bolivia 1. It is very good agent for filtration because of its higher fiber contents.

On the other hand, camels’ manure is going waste in countries (its original habitat) with highest camel population per unit land mass area (Gulf countries) in the world. UAE, Bahrain and Qatar has the highest camel population on per unit land mass at global level, producing millions of tons of manure annually; all going waste. I only found one reference that BP use camels’ manure in Sharjah (UAE) for the decomposition of hydrocarbon leaked in the soil/water 2. Camels’ dung is use for Bio-Paper production in India but at a minor level.

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Based in UAE, here a common misperception is prevailing regarding camels’ dungs as; it has no value as fertilizer. This perception had made camels’ dung a valueless atom and it is a burden on camel breeders to properly dump. On contrary (research findings) camel dung has almost the same value as that of cow dung 3.

Camel dung decomposes faster than many others because of the diverse and stronger micro flora in camels’ rumen. Camel is therefore more efficient in nutrient recycling, making camels’ dung more useful for cropping and farming. Hoffmann and Muhammad revealed that camel dung is not differ from cow and other ruminants’ dung 4.

In conclusion, camels’ dung is untapped precious resource which is not properly utilized so far. The visionary and innovative opinion in Gulf countries, especially the UAE can bring silver sliding in the clouds and may find ways to use this precious resource for the agricultural development of the region. Also, the research institutes of the region should come forward to chalk out projects on the exploring true worth of camel dung.

This piece of manuscript is the tip of the ice burg and brain storming to launch a discussion regarding this precious organic material. I hope to hear from different quarters and to find ways for its judicious use. The GAA of the FAO can be a great forum to address this issue.

Continue reading Camels’ Manure~From Waste to a Worthwhile Farming Agent

TEEB AgFood: Calculating the Real Price of Food

“In the face of a rapidly overheating climate, collapsing fisheries, degraded soil, depleted water resources, vanishing species, and other challenges directly related to agriculture, we can no longer afford to pursue a flawed accounting system.”

Go to the link for detail study of the article.

https://wordpress.com/read/post/feed/39553851/896750661

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Mariwal sheep grazing in grasslands of Luni area Loralai

Ways Recommended to Turn Camel Again to its Future

Natural Health with Camel Milk

Though the concept is changing, generally camel is considered as animal of backward and bush. The common person’s mind quickly jump to the desert, pastoral people and harsh terrains as soon hears the name of the camel. In some quarters, the mindset is changing, especially among the scientists and development worker. Unfortunately, the policy makers still neglecting this untapped precious resource as they prefer fast growing animals to place in developmental policy because of many reasons; all are baseless and void of scientific arguments.11390267_10153421606844559_6036169588689380506_n

Recently, a successful conference was organized under the patronage of International Society of Camelid Research and Development. The title of the conference was “4th Conference of ISOCARD “Silk road camel: the camelids, main stakes for sustainable development”IMG-1ffc708cbc78410

http://conference.kaznu.kz/en/conferencies/40/4th%20Conference%20of%20ISOCARD

The conference was held in Almaty, Kazakhstan (8-12 June, 2015). Around 225 participants from 35 countries took part in this important conference. Many results from the recent scientific…

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International Camel Society Showed Serous Concerns on Important Camel Decline

Natural Health with Camel Milk

The International Society of Camelid Research and Development is a non-political, non-religious and nonprofit federation of camelid scientists or similar scientific and professional associations. The society works for the scientific status of camelid sciences, promotion of camel science for camelids development, promotion of scientific publications in camelid fields, to set high standards in camelid education and training, promote standards of health and welfare in camelids, encourage exchange of knowledge and to organize international conference every 3 years.

http://www.isocard.net/en/about

IMG-1ffc708cbc78410The last conference was held in Almaty, Kazakhstan (8-12 June, 2015). The 225 participants of the conference, have proposed the final recommendations which have been validated by the Executive Council. All the participants’ anonymously expressed their serous concerns on the sharp decline in camel population of India.

http://www.isocard.net/images/announcements//FILEc554c4cf9e3290a.pdf

As a foreword, the general assembly of ISOCARD has expressed its concern regarding the important decline of the camel population in India, which is…

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Al Ain doctor sees potential in camels beyond their milk

Natural Health with Camel Milk

The camel has been an integral part of life in the Arabian peninsula, and elsewhere, for thousands of years, but their potential is yet to be fully realised, says Dr Abdul Raziq Kakar.

The technical manager for Al Ain Dairy’s camel farm, he has launched Camel4Life, a group to promote the use of camels by the world’s poorer communities, and to give traditional producers an international voice.DSC01463

“Camels ensure life and livelihood in far and wide regions of the world,” Dr Kakar said. “They ensure access and transportation in harsh terrains of the globe and walk for almost 40 kilometres [a day], graze on scarce and scattered woody vegetation, which is otherwise wasted, and convert it to precious food items like milk and meat.”

Dr Kakar, who is also founder of the Camel Association of Pakistan,credited camel milk with relieving his arthritis more than a decade ago, when…

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Question Asked~ What is the Concept of Small-Scaled Livestock Production Syetems?

Small Scaled Farming and Sustainable Food Production

A question was asked in the context cited above by a Sudanese colleague. This question was raised in the DAD-Net discussion group. Here the question is provided in the ensuing lines.
Many thanks for the interaction
The question is how can we characterize the small-scale livestock producers in pastoral system?   
kind regards
Hassan Mohammed Nur (PhD)Livestock consultant
Khartoum, Sudan
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Here was my reply;
A definition for small-scaled Livestock Production/farming can be different in different regions/cultures, landscape/ecosystems and demands (consumer demand for livestock products).
In my view (Central and South Asia​), it is a livestock farming system based on local AnGR (with a wide diversity) with the harvest of locally available feed resources (primary or by-products), mainly raised for subsistence (livelihood earning)in a rural background (mainly). Such farming communities practicing small-scaled livestock farming since generations. They are rich with traditional knowledge with diverse skills ranging from animal breeding, feeding, health to marketing etc…

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