All posts by raziqkakar

Currently working as Technical Manager Al Ain Dairy Camel Farm, UAE. Before, worked as as Prof & Dean Faculty of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lasbela University of Agriculture, Water and Marine Sciences Pakistan. My thematic areas are; research policy, Turning camel from a beast of burden to a sustainable farm animal, extensive livestock production systems. Author is the founder and head of the Society of Animal, Veterinary and Animal Scientists (SAVES) Founder of the Camel Association of Pakistan Organizer of the Group Camel4Life. As a freelance scientist working (as member of steering committee) for Desert Net International (DNI). My focused area of research is the characterization, documentation and reporting of the indigenous livestock breeds (AnGR) and effort for recognition of the native genetic resources at policy levels. Thinking of natural resources especially, biodiversity and efforts for their humane use and conservation in the context of climate change and food security is my dream.

Turning Again to the Native Gene ~ Back to the Future

Turning Again to the Native Gene ~ Back to the Future

The catastrophes of climate change along with growing desertification consequence in adoption of new strategies. The industrialized nation’s choice is mitigation strategy while among the native livestock keepers’ adaptation is the best tactic. Unfortunately, the so called policy makers (at all levels) are not that much in tune (with the above said challenges) as the rural indigenous people of the bush are. These sensible livestock keepers know how to materialize livestock agriculture sustainably as; to satisfy versatile requirements of the owner/community and endure its own life whereas depending on available natural resources.20151009_172921

The so pseudo green revolution (1960s era) was actually a trick of the capitalism to provide an immature solution (factory farming) to increase productivity but contrary it resulted in erosion/dilution of the precious native animal genetic resources and depletion of soil fertility. Coincidentally, nature reacts after each specific period and shed all the unkind things attach to it; intensive farming is failing in many ways.

A Case Study from Balochistan

In months of September, October (2015), I visited the rural areas of northeastern Balochistan. I sniffed a very positive change, the wise decision of the community elders; turning back to the native cattle. Many small scaled farmers have adopted the native cattle (Kohe-Suleimani/Lohani/Kakari®) to better utilize free available natural resources and ensure sustainable production. The lovely Kakari cows mostly depend on the bushes, especially Sarghasie (abundantly available bush in the region) which is otherwise useless. Some wise farmers narrated “native cow is the best weed regulator” as she restricts the weeds/bushes to creep in the cropping lands. She is the best convertor of bushes into food item and high fibrous manure.20151012_101537

The dung produced by the cattle provides softy and fluffy texture to the soil, making it apt for cropping. The cow manure is highly preferred for wheat, tomato, cauliflower, almond and apricot agriculture. Sometimes, the dung is use in construction material as added to the mud plaster. The native cow is unique as; grows well, catches high consumer demand, resistant to health ailments/parasites and easy management making it the best choice as a farm animal.20151009_170928

Nevertheless producing little milk (2-3 liter per day with a shorter lactation length), idolized as best in conversion of poor quality roughages into precious milk and meat. The yummy, creamy and appetizing milk make it super cow than the exotic one. Its milk is esteemed as beautifying skin and treats febrile conditions. The special taste of ghuarri (a Pashtu word use for ghee) produced from its milk is highly anticipated. Pashtuns’ folk poetry is rich with the appreciation of the precious ghuarri. The surplus ghuarri is sold by the women and the income purely owned by them. Now a day, the prices for ghuarri is too high and attracts bulky Pakistani rupees. Hey! The native genes empower the women, they told.20151009_174051

The steer catches reasonable prices at the occasion of Eid-Adha, highly preferred by locals and suit well to common customer. A slightly pinkish color beef (not too red) has special desire and high organoleptic scoring. It is approachable selection for the low income groups during the Eid-Adha and other religious/cultural occasions. A native keeper whispered that it takes little time to cook, making a good selection for women.20151011_161325

The strategies adopted by the native/indigenous people are highly useful to guarantee sustainable farming systems under climate change scenario. Their knowledge is based on centuries’ long experience and evolved with the natural phenomena; making it the treasurable heritage of humanity. Unfortunately, their consents are never asked while making policy regarding the livestock agriculture both at national and international levels. It would be so great if native livestock keepers are involved in policy making to ensure sustainable and ecological farming.20151011_161444

For more details, please go to the links below;

®Native livestock Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture are very diverse in many ways, having different names in different regions, many colors, sizes and purposes etc.

Ways Recommended to Turn Camel Again to its Future

Originally posted on Natural Health with Camel Milk:

Though the concept is changing, generally camel is considered as animal of backward and bush. The common person’s mind quickly jump to the desert, pastoral people and harsh terrains as soon hears the name of the camel. In some quarters, the mindset is changing, especially among the scientists and development worker. Unfortunately, the policy makers still neglecting this untapped precious resource as they prefer fast growing animals to place in developmental policy because of many reasons; all are baseless and void of scientific arguments.11390267_10153421606844559_6036169588689380506_n

Recently, a successful conference was organized under the patronage of International Society of Camelid Research and Development. The title of the conference was “4th Conference of ISOCARD “Silk road camel: the camelids, main stakes for sustainable development”IMG-1ffc708cbc78410

The conference was held in Almaty, Kazakhstan (8-12 June, 2015). Around 225 participants from 35 countries took part in this important conference. Many results from the recent scientific…

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International Camel Society Showed Serous Concerns on Important Camel Decline

Originally posted on Natural Health with Camel Milk:

The International Society of Camelid Research and Development is a non-political, non-religious and nonprofit federation of camelid scientists or similar scientific and professional associations. The society works for the scientific status of camelid sciences, promotion of camel science for camelids development, promotion of scientific publications in camelid fields, to set high standards in camelid education and training, promote standards of health and welfare in camelids, encourage exchange of knowledge and to organize international conference every 3 years.

IMG-1ffc708cbc78410The last conference was held in Almaty, Kazakhstan (8-12 June, 2015). The 225 participants of the conference, have proposed the final recommendations which have been validated by the Executive Council. All the participants’ anonymously expressed their serous concerns on the sharp decline in camel population of India.

As a foreword, the general assembly of ISOCARD has expressed its concern regarding the important decline of the camel population in India, which is…

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Al Ain doctor sees potential in camels beyond their milk

Originally posted on Natural Health with Camel Milk:

The camel has been an integral part of life in the Arabian peninsula, and elsewhere, for thousands of years, but their potential is yet to be fully realised, says Dr Abdul Raziq Kakar.

The technical manager for Al Ain Dairy’s camel farm, he has launched Camel4Life, a group to promote the use of camels by the world’s poorer communities, and to give traditional producers an international voice.DSC01463

“Camels ensure life and livelihood in far and wide regions of the world,” Dr Kakar said. “They ensure access and transportation in harsh terrains of the globe and walk for almost 40 kilometres [a day], graze on scarce and scattered woody vegetation, which is otherwise wasted, and convert it to precious food items like milk and meat.”

Dr Kakar, who is also founder of the Camel Association of Pakistan,credited camel milk with relieving his arthritis more than a decade ago, when…

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Question Asked~ What is the Concept of Small-Scaled Livestock Production Syetems?

Originally posted on Small Scaled Farming and Sustainable Food Production:

A question was asked in the context cited above by a Sudanese colleague. This question was raised in the DAD-Net discussion group. Here the question is provided in the ensuing lines.
Many thanks for the interaction
The question is how can we characterize the small-scale livestock producers in pastoral system?   
kind regards
Hassan Mohammed Nur (PhD)Livestock consultant
Khartoum, Sudan
Here was my reply;
A definition for small-scaled Livestock Production/farming can be different in different regions/cultures, landscape/ecosystems and demands (consumer demand for livestock products).
In my view (Central and South Asia​), it is a livestock farming system based on local AnGR (with a wide diversity) with the harvest of locally available feed resources (primary or by-products), mainly raised for subsistence (livelihood earning)in a rural background (mainly). Such farming communities practicing small-scaled livestock farming since generations. They are rich with traditional knowledge with diverse skills ranging from animal breeding, feeding, health to marketing etc…

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My Camel Story and World Camel Day (22 June)

Camel have been part and parcel of my life. Seeing camel caravans, moving Afghan nomads and salts traders made a strong picture of camel on my mind. A decade earlier a severe arthritis (Rheumatoid Arthritis) almost killed me and I was unable to move from the bed. An old wise man advised me to move to camel breeding area and take fresh camel milk regularly. I started my new life while obeying the advice and reached the Suleiman Mountainous Region of Balochistan (the camel heartland). I lived with the camel people, enjoyed their company, learnt a lot about camels and took camel milk regularly. I established a view point that camel milk is natural pharmacy not just white fluid milk. I recovered soon and in a short time and started climbing mountains.

I forgot the pain of my joints and started feeling very energetic and happy person in a short period. I returned to normal life and decided to further explore camel and its unique products, especially the milk. I joined university and completed my PhD (2009) work on camel milk production ability and pattern of lactation of the mobile camel herds. Documenting the lactation curve of the mobile camel herd was the first of its kind study in camel world. I knew by the results of my research that camel is really an amazing animal and produce precious milk in the hottest and harshest period of time where other animals can hardly survive. A dent in the lactation curve can hardly been notice even in the hottest and feed shortage period of the year. Along with the beauty of camel milk and other products, I found the camel pastoralists very loving, caring and hospitable people. I felt at home while roaming with them in the country side away from my family. I felt myself so close the nature and natural people. I am once again thankful to my camel pastoralists, those who always offered me warm hospitality and support in situation where I was almost broken. DSC01463

I started great feelings about camel and thinking about its worth as natural healer in all aspects. Even living close to camel give me a sense of care and protection. As a sadness on the other hand, I felt in the society that the policy makers and people in the cities are unaware about the true worth of camel. I felt that information and awareness about camel is very scarce. I approached my friends and colleagues and suggested the concept of world camel day. Ultimately we agreed on a world camel day at the eve of the hottest period of time of the year. A camel day on 22 June was declared as world camel day. We are celebrating this days since last 3 years.  This year I decided to write my story and ask other colleagues to share their stories with the camel. Again world camel day is approaching but this time it is in the month of Ramadan. I am also away from my country and my beloved camel people. I appeal you all to spread awareness on camel that day and tell the world about the importance of the camel. Such awareness will be a great way of celebration camel day.I am looking forward to have the stories of the other colleagues soon before the world camel day. I shall publish it on my blog page.

Below is the link regarding world camel days.


I need your camel kindness and support

Camel Terminology Needs to Re-establish

The world terminology in Wikipedia is written as;

Terminology is the study of terms and their use. Terms are words and compound words or multi-word expressions that in specific contexts are given specific meanings.

The camel terminology is mainly derived from cow. It is food for thought to re-establish terminology for camel, management and production etc. As the camel was domesticated, evolved and managed for centuries in Arabian Peninsula, the best terminology will be the one use in that region. I hereby give some names which I learnt here in the region and some are found in literature. I’m lucky living in the specific area (Hilli Alqatara in Alain) where camel was domesticated.11390267_10153421606844559_6036169588689380506_n

Camel is not cow… the best word for milking camel is   “NAQA’

Camel male kid is not a calf but …….                       .it is Gaood

Camel Female calf…………………………………………………..Bakra

Camel male is not bull but………………………………………...Baeer    

I am really looking forward for discussion, criticism, fortification, addition to this precious topic.