The Multipurpose Camels of Iran~ World Camel’s Day


As a series of World Camel’s Day gifts (information, pictures and videos etc) is continue, this new report is hereby received from Dr Mahnaz Salehi. She is the member of scientific board of Animal Science Research Institute Animal fibers, skin and leather camel management specialist. Her report was converted and amended briefly. Here is the report about the camel status in Iran.

The camels of Iran

Nearly 150,000 Dromedary camels are lived in desert areas (South and Central) of Iran; the majority of country’s camel is dromedary. Most of these camels still not been identified, because for extensive rearing system and release of camels in most parts of the country. The other factor is camels are often mixed together and crossbreed by the other foreign camel from Pakistan and Afghanistan.

Therefore they are divided into dual and multi-purpose (meat-milk and wool-meat); milk type and riding camel. The major breeds contained as followed:

  1. Dual purpose camels:
camel

Balochi Breed

Balochi camels in central, east and south east at the border lines of Afghanistan and Pakistan. This breed is known as Kharani breed in Balochistan and very good in milk production.

camel.

Kalkuei Breed of camel

Kalkuei camel found in central parts of Iran.

zahidani

Zahedani Camel

Zahedani camel in south east at the border lines of Pakistan. This camel is also found in Pakistani Balochistan.

Mahabadi camel in Esfahan province in central

Mahabadi Camel Breed

Mahabadi camel is found in Esfahan province in central Iran

Dashti camel.jpg

Dashti camel (Desert)

Dashti camel, their origin is in Boushher province (south of Iran) near the Persian Gulf

Arabian.jpg

Arabi Camel

Arabi camel found in Kozestan and Boushher provinces near the Iraq boarder

 

 

Yazdi.jpg

Yazdi camel breed

Yazdi camel found in central of country in yazd province.

  1. The milk type camel
Turkman.jpg

Turkmani breed

Turkamani, raising in Gonbad and Gorlestan province in North East of Iran. This camel is widely use by pastoral people.

 

  1. Riding type

 

Bandari

Bandari Breed (coastal)

The Bandari camel breed is found in south at the coastal line of Persian Gulf

 

These camels are divided into two branches, riding (Jamaz camels) and pack camels. Their origin is south or south east of Iran near the Pakistan boards and their number are reducing gradually.

 

Jamaz.jpg

Jamaz breed of Sistan Balochistan

Jamaz of Sistan and Baluchestan camel found in south-east along the border lines of Pakistan. This breed is also found in Pakistani Balochistan.

Roodbari.jpg

RoodBari camels 

Roodbari camel and the other type of camel from Kerman province in south. This breed also found in the adjoining areas of Pakistani Balochistan.

  1. Bactrian (two hump) camels
Bactrian.jpg

Bactrian camels of Iran

Now there are only about 200 Bactrian camels in Ardabil and Moghan (North West of country) and due to its small population, this breed is enlisted as an endangered species

cross.jpg

Two hum Bactrian camels in Golestan (North of Country)

Unfortunately there are very few specimen left to exist. This breed is near to extinction.

 

  1. crossbreed camel

There are also around 1000 crossbreed camel for benefit hetrosis in central regions. 

crossbred.jpg

Crossbred (B male * D Female) in rural and station breeding farms

There are also around 1000 crossbreed camel for benefit hetrosis in central regions.

 

Mahnaz Salehi –World Camel Day 2016

 

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