Lassi camel is found in coastal area of Balochistan and Sind. The climate of the region is hot and humid. Camel is not only use for transportation but also found as separate herds and is main livestock activity. The camel herders purely dependent on camels and earn daily needs from it.
Production systems and socioeconomic importance
They migrate with their camels to central Balochistan in winter and go back to coastal areas of the province. The pastoral people sell their animal when they need money. Camel play pivotal role in the socioeconomic life of the Lassi herders. Camel provides transportation for all means, milk and play role as a bank on hooves. The milk is usually use for family use and surplus is given in gift to friends and relatives.
Population size and trend
The population size of the breed is 7000 to 8000 heads and the trend is decreasing. The factors responsible for this sad state of situation are speedy urbanization and industrialization in the region.
Breeding goal of the breed
The main breeding goals of the breed are the production a camel with adaptation to the environment. The camel with long legs and neck is preferred because of its potential for walking in coastal ecosystem. Light fawn color is the top and preferred color but some breeders like the black shades on the belly side. Actually the breeders the main breeding preference is to select male with the ability of walking ability in coastal ecosystem and thriftiness on the vegetation of the area.
Special traits of the breed
Adaptability to coastal ecology
Able to drink brackish water
Rely on highly saltiest vegetation
The camel of this breed is comparatively larger in size. The predominant body color is fawn but red fawn color is also found. The camel has long legs, pointed muzzle and longer head.
Table Biometric parameters of the Lassi breed
Table Reproductive and productive traits of Lassi camel
|1||Average birth Weight||35 – 40 kg||31 – 37 kg|
|2||Average weaning Weight*||175 – 185 kg||160 – 170 kg|
|5||Ready for workload||3 yr||3 yr|
|7||Use for heavy duty||7 yr||–|
|8||Age of puberty||4 yr||3 yr|
|9||Average work life||20 yr||–|
|10||Average reproductive life||20 ye||21 yr|
|11||Conception rate out of herd||–||50-50 %|
|12||Gestation period||–||375-386 day|
|13||Calving rate out of herd||–||45-50%|
|14||Calving interval||–||2-3 yr|
|15||Average milk production||–||6-7 kg/day|
|16||Lactation length||–||9-11 month|
|17||Wool Production||–||2.5 kg|
Reproductive and productive performance
Male is ready for breeding at the 4 years of age and female reaches to the time of mating at the age of 3 years. About 50 she camels are normally bred by one bull camel. While the service period remains for 6 days and estrus cycle ranging from one week to 4 week. The conceived she camel changes her behavior at 6th day of service and show a different behavior as erecting her tail when an animal or a person come near to her. Calving interval is normally two years, depending upon the availability of foliage and lactation length. Average reproductive life of a female is about 20 years. Conception rate of camel is higher with appreciable calving percentage and rare abortion. Weight of the calf at the birth is almost 35-45 kg, depending upon the sex, nutritional and health status of the dam. Weaning weight at (9 month) is about 155-180 kg.
Marketing and future economic potential
One of the main markets for Lassi camel is Karachi and other larger cities of Sindh, especially at the occasion of Eid Aladha. The sacrifice of camel in Karachi is getting popularity at the occasion of Eid Aladha. The other main market is the export of camel to Iran. Now the camel milk is also getting popularity among the urban dwellers for the treatment of ailments like backache, long bone pains and hepatitis.