Defaunation Leads to Desertification

The word ‘Defaunation‘ is a merely new term used by scientists in a recent article published in the Journal Nature Communications. According to the team of scientists ” large animals important for the carbon storage in tropical forests. Defaunation is used for the declination of the fauna from the forests.elephent.jpg

“Scientists are only just beginning to understand the numerous ways in which animals affect the carbon cycle of tropical forests, and the consequences of declines of these animals – also termed ‘defaunation’ – for terrestrial carbon storage “, says Anand M Osuri, a member of Mahesh Sankaran’s group at NCBS and the study’s lead author. “Although defaunation is a problem affecting tropical forests the world over, our understanding of its consequences for carbon storage relies heavily on patterns seen in one part of the tropics – the forests of South America”, he adds.wildebeeest.png

The link of the study is given below for further reading and detailed study. http://www.downtoearth.org.in/news/study-says-large-animals-important-for-carbon-storage-in-tropical-forests-53769

donkeIn short ‘global decline in the population of several wild animal species is among the most widespread drivers of Earth’s biodiversity crisis. The study highlights the importance of conserving large wild animals in the tropical forests as part of forest protection strategy for storing carbon and reducing emissions. This will ultimately help us to mitigate climate change.

Kohi Camel Caravan

The Nature Engineered Distinctive DNA to Beat the Challenge of Climate Change

Thanks God, my dream came true as; specially engineered camel DNA (reveled in a recent study) makes this unique animal a solution to climate change and other challenges. The study (author was part of it) published in PNAS with full access here. a day before. The authors have ensured that the remarkable story over its long and celebrated history stands out like a scientific beacon. Without the camel, Arabian trade, medieval conquests and recent communication routes would all have collapsed, changing the course of events for human civilizations as well as that incredible diversity among the camel gene pools of Asia, Africa, and even Australia. Kohi Camel Caravan.jpg

A unique and pioneering study of the ancient and modern DNA of the ‘ship of the desert’ the single humped camel or dromedary has shed new light on how its use by human societies has shaped its genetic diversity. DNA Sequencing Reveals Human Desert Migrations Shaped Camel Genetics.

Dromedaries have been fundamental to the development of human societies, providing food and transport in desert countries, for over 3,000 years. The dromedary continues to be a vital for livelihood, food and recreations where other species would not survive. In the current context of climate change and advancing desert landscapes, the animal’s importance is increasing and there is new interest in the biology and reproduction of the species.First domestication of dromedaries took place in Southeast Arabian Peninsula

In my opinion “genetic mixing and re-mixing engineered special DNA (camels) as; by constantly mixing the populations, the camels are now very genetically diverse which makes them more resilient to climate change. As predicted by the climate scientists, the mercury will go up with the passage of years, the camels will be the best choice among the others for food security and sustainable farming systems.dromedarypic1

The study suggests that the wild camels, which are now extinct, periodically helped restock domesticated populations. Unlike many other domesticated animals, modern camel populations have maintained their ancestral genetic diversity, potentially enabling adaptation to future changes in terrain and climate, according to the authors.

For more general articles the links are given in the ensuing lines. The links are referred in the article also.



poor donkey

Reminding the Role of Poor Creature~The Donkey

At the eve of the World Donkey Day 8th May, 2016

The donkey is very special creature and the most efficient biological work machine. This great creature is still playing pivotal role in the rural economy and urban goods transport in many parts of the world. There is a wide genetic diversity, hence having different levels of potential of work, hardiness and adaptability to the calamities of the weathers.

Unfortunately, donkey is still abuse, neglected and misbehave in many parts of the world. Not only neglected as animal welfare, poorly fed and even abuse for nothing but just fun. Many bad words are linked with this poor animal very sadly.

poor donkey
How the people behave this creature?

To raise awareness regarding this poor but neglected animal, the World Donkey Day was launched by the author (proposed by Peta Jones, a South African Scientist). 8th May was selected as world donkey day (as it is a labor animal). diversity in Donkey breedsrespect to donkey

Many friends and groups joined this struggle and many people have now realized the importance of this unique creature. The donkey plays role in pastoralism, transportation, mining, agricultural operations, racing, polo, and healing of the patients. There are many people who love donkey and care them very well. There is a facebook page on social media regarding the world donkey day.

https://www.facebook.com/WorldDonkeyDay/happy donkey

This piece of manuscript is hereby presented to share my part in the well being of this beautiful animal. For further readings please go to the links below.

  1. https://camel4all.wordpress.com/2012/05/19/world-donkey-day/
  2. https://camel4all.wordpress.com/2012/05/03/world-donkey-day-may-8/
  3. https://camel4all.wordpress.com/tag/shingharri/
  4. http://www.academia.edu/10189788/Domesticated_Donkeys_-_Part_II_-_Types_and_Breeds
  5. http://www.homesanctuary.com/rachelanne/2015/05/world-donkey-day.html
  6. https://camel4all.wordpress.com/author/raziqkakar/page/9/


Saving Life on Earth–Saving Biodiversity — GarryRogers Nature Conservation

Human Impact on Biodiversity Unaware of the consequences of its behavior, the growing human population is erasing sixty-five million of years of biodiversity recovery since the massive extinction that eliminated dinosaurs and most other species. This is without doubt the greatest issue of our time, perhaps of all time. In the article below, Quentin Wheeler […]

via Saving Life on Earth–Saving Biodiversity — GarryRogers Nature Conservation

Tuaregs, the nomads of Sahara and their camels, walks among soft sand dunes and low, warm sunlight in the late afternoon. They are looking for feeding ground for their camels during the night. Arakou, Niger, November 2006.

Hurrah! Another Incredible Role of camel; Conversion of dermal proteins to an antimicrobial agent for wound healing

Algerian camel

This research was conducted by a team of Algerian Scientists. The abstract of the scientific article is given below.

Abstract: The aim of this study was the conversion of the camelin dermal proteins as a natural product that has an antimicrobial power used for tissue repair and wound healing. After dehairing, fleshings, deliming the animal tissues (Camelin) and purification, we supplied and fixed the essential oils of Lavandula officinalis, Eucalyptus globules and Eugenia caryophyllata. The product obtained is a spongy material communicating with open voids between the fibers. With a light yellow color, it has a remarkable antibacterial power and a very strong inhibitory activity on all the bacterial strains tested whose average diameter of the inhibition zones exceeds 15mm. It is also characterized by a smell which can be aromatic, pleasant and spicy or fresh and spicy depending on the essential oil used.

camel in cholistan desert

The Desert’s Livestock Species Have Tremendous Potential for Milk Produciton

Cholistan is cradle of precious desert livestock breeds and camel is one of the core livestock. The famous Marrecha breed of camel and Cholistani cattle are the backbone of the desert economy and livelihood1. The Brela or Malgade with high yielding camel breed come to the desert after the monsoon. Brela

The interest of scientists and policy makers have been inclined in last few years and many interventions are introduced in the beautiful living desert of Cholistan. Contest for milk competetions are held almost each year and the main specie is the camel. The contest of this year was attended and reported by Dr Sajjad Khan (a well known international professor for animal breeds and breeding). I hereby copy his email to briefly tell about the milk contest and the livestock breeds participated.

Heartening story of Camel and Cholistani cattle

Dear All
In the gloomy scenario of recent camel article shared at dad-net regarding camels in Rajastan (India) we have a good news from across the border in Pakistan. Camel milk competition for this year concluded few days back and Maricha breed (known for racing and dance) is a new addition in the milk competitions as it produced 18.94 liters in 36hrs under natural conditions. Natural conditions include no concentrate, no massage and no injections of any sort and a sand-and-rain storm on day 2nd of the competition etc.  Brela breed (on the right) which is known as better milk producer gave 23.24 liters (in 36hrs). Less than our expectations, animals had traveled as far from as 72 hrs of walk before the competition. Pictures are from a national newspaper where Government is congratulating winners (and supporting camel keepers).Camel milk winners 2016.png
Another good news is that first time ever we had an exclusive Cholistani cattle show along with the camel show. Cholistani is parent breed of Sahiwal and probably hardiest of all the tropical breeds we have as it survives in Cholistani desert. First position went to a cow (among 62 competing) producing 30. 54 liters (cow on the right). Cholistani milk winners 2016.pngSecond position was secured by a cow from a government farm. For me the beauty competition was even more fabulous as Cholistani has all sort of colors and animals without makeups were still amazing. Picture of a young bull (4th position holder) is attached as its color is the most preferred color (black splashes on light background). It was a wonderful opportunity to be with my own people whom I had never met and learning how they survive in the harshest conditions. Temperature there may reach 52C in summer and of course no electricity.Cholistani bull beauty - 4th.jpg
Lets not despair, keep trying and I agree with many things pointed out by Dr Razik.
With Best regards
1. https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/cholistanthe-future-food-basket-dr-abdul-raziq-kakar?trkSplashRedir=true&forceNoSplash=true
camel in cholistan desert

Is Climate Change Well Understood?

The climate change is reality now. Almost major part of the societies are agreed that climate change is happening and the agriculture system will suffer further. The floods, erratic or no rainfall, desertification etc. have adversely affected (and continue even with the faster pace) to alter agriculture production potential of arable farming and livestock productions system.
The neutral zones of thermoregulation in animals are very challenging and heat intolerance, especially in exotic high producing animals is a catastrophic. The food security is a real challenge and many parts of the world (in one or other farm) is facing hunger and malnutrition.20151009_172921

But there are good and potential tools we have to adapt with the higher/lower temperatures and produce in very low input production systems; they are the native animals and plants genetic resources. Unfortunately, their role is seldom value and addressed accordingly which results in development faulty policies regarding food and agriculture. The keepers of the native breeds are void of a strong voice and are seldom heard by policy makers while formulating policies regarding the genetic resources and food security.
This situation is very complex and challenging. Many of the gene keepers (herders) are giving up their profession. Their historic lands for natural are either grabbed by the influential persons or secured from grazing at the name of nature conservation. One of the very alarming example is from the camel breeders of Rajastan India. The camel is really sinking and the population have gone down manifolds in last 3 decade. camel in Balochistan

The same is the situation in the Thal and Thar desert of Pakistan. The time has reached to reconsider the existing policies regarding food and agriculture and give proper place and task to the native gene and its keeper to beat the challenge of food security in clime change context.