Question Asked~ What is the Concept of Small-Scaled Livestock Production Syetems?

Originally posted on Small Scaled Farming and Sustainable Food Production:

A question was asked in the context cited above by a Sudanese colleague. This question was raised in the DAD-Net discussion group. Here the question is provided in the ensuing lines.
Many thanks for the interaction
The question is how can we characterize the small-scale livestock producers in pastoral system?   
kind regards
Hassan Mohammed Nur (PhD)Livestock consultant
Khartoum, Sudan
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Here was my reply;
A definition for small-scaled Livestock Production/farming can be different in different regions/cultures, landscape/ecosystems and demands (consumer demand for livestock products).
In my view (Central and South Asia​), it is a livestock farming system based on local AnGR (with a wide diversity) with the harvest of locally available feed resources (primary or by-products), mainly raised for subsistence (livelihood earning)in a rural background (mainly). Such farming communities practicing small-scaled livestock farming since generations. They are rich with traditional knowledge with diverse skills ranging from animal breeding, feeding, health to marketing etc…

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My Camel Story and World Camel Day (22 June)

Camel have been part and parcel of my life. Seeing camel caravans, moving Afghan nomads and salts traders made a strong picture of camel on my mind. A decade earlier a severe arthritis (Rheumatoid Arthritis) almost killed me and I was unable to move from the bed. An old wise man advised me to move to camel breeding area and take fresh camel milk regularly. I started my new life while obeying the advice and reached the Suleiman Mountainous Region of Balochistan (the camel heartland). I lived with the camel people, enjoyed their company, learnt a lot about camels and took camel milk regularly. I established a view point that camel milk is natural pharmacy not just white fluid milk. I recovered soon and in a short time and started climbing mountains.

I forgot the pain of my joints and started feeling very energetic and happy person in a short period. I returned to normal life and decided to further explore camel and its unique products, especially the milk. I joined university and completed my PhD (2009) work on camel milk production ability and pattern of lactation of the mobile camel herds. Documenting the lactation curve of the mobile camel herd was the first of its kind study in camel world. I knew by the results of my research that camel is really an amazing animal and produce precious milk in the hottest and harshest period of time where other animals can hardly survive. A dent in the lactation curve can hardly been notice even in the hottest and feed shortage period of the year. Along with the beauty of camel milk and other products, I found the camel pastoralists very loving, caring and hospitable people. I felt at home while roaming with them in the country side away from my family. I felt myself so close the nature and natural people. I am once again thankful to my camel pastoralists, those who always offered me warm hospitality and support in situation where I was almost broken. DSC01463

I started great feelings about camel and thinking about its worth as natural healer in all aspects. Even living close to camel give me a sense of care and protection. As a sadness on the other hand, I felt in the society that the policy makers and people in the cities are unaware about the true worth of camel. I felt that information and awareness about camel is very scarce. I approached my friends and colleagues and suggested the concept of world camel day. Ultimately we agreed on a world camel day at the eve of the hottest period of time of the year. A camel day on 22 June was declared as world camel day. We are celebrating this days since last 3 years.  This year I decided to write my story and ask other colleagues to share their stories with the camel. Again world camel day is approaching but this time it is in the month of Ramadan. I am also away from my country and my beloved camel people. I appeal you all to spread awareness on camel that day and tell the world about the importance of the camel. Such awareness will be a great way of celebration camel day.I am looking forward to have the stories of the other colleagues soon before the world camel day. I shall publish it on my blog page.

Below is the link regarding world camel days.

Reference;

https://camel4all.wordpress.com/2012/05/09/world-camel-day-june-22/

https://www.facebook.com/Camel4all?ref=hl

https://ikrweb.wordpress.com/2014/06/25/world-camel-day-in-pakistan-interesting-insights-into-camel-conservation/

I need your camel kindness and support

Camel Terminology Needs to Re-establish

The world terminology in Wikipedia is written as;

Terminology is the study of terms and their use. Terms are words and compound words or multi-word expressions that in specific contexts are given specific meanings.

The camel terminology is mainly derived from cow. It is food for thought to re-establish terminology for camel, management and production etc. As the camel was domesticated, evolved and managed for centuries in Arabian Peninsula, the best terminology will be the one use in that region. I hereby give some names which I learnt here in the region and some are found in literature. I’m lucky living in the specific area (Hilli Alqatara in Alain) where camel was domesticated.11390267_10153421606844559_6036169588689380506_n

Camel is not cow… the best word for milking camel is   “NAQA’

Camel male kid is not a calf but …….                       .it is Gaood

Camel Female calf…………………………………………………..Bakra

Camel male is not bull but………………………………………...Baeer    

I am really looking forward for discussion, criticism, fortification, addition to this precious topic.

Reference;

http://www.almaany.com/en/dict/ar-en/camel/

Some Facts About Camel along with its Real Terminology

Kingdom:394451_136855843092904_618185155_n Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Camelidae
Genus: Camelus
Scientific Name: Camelus dromedarius
Common Name: Camel/Jamel
Other Name(s): Dromedary Camel, Arabian Camel, One-Humped Camel
Group: Mammal
Number Of Species: 1
Location: Asia, Africa and Australia
Habitat: Arid desert and scrubland
Colour: Cream, Tan, Brown, Black, white, Fawn etc
Skin Type: Hair/wool
Size (L): 2.2m – 3.5m (7.25ft – 11.5ft)
Weight: 300kg – 900kg
Top Speed: 64kph (40mph)
Diet: Herbivore
Prey: Thorny and Salty Plants, Grass, Grain
Group Behaviour: Herd
Life Span: 40 – 50 years
Age Of Sexual Maturity: 3 – 5 years
Gestation Period: 390 – 410 days
Average Litter Size: 1
Name Of Young: Huwwar/Calf
Age Of Weaning: 4 months
Conservation Status: Common
Estimated Population Size: 20 million
Biggest Threat: Drought
Most Distinctive Feature: Long, curved neck and large hump
Fun Fact: Can survive without water for 10 months!

The Camel Journey~ Updates from USA

Originally posted on Natural Health with Camel Milk:

Camels were introduced in the United States in different time period for work and armies. Camels were landed in different coasts of the US and were used mainly for work. U. S. Army explorer of the American West, Major George H. Crossman, recommended to Congress in 1836 that the Army should experiment with the use of camels since the chief desert problem for the traditional military animals was lack of water and forage.  Camels could go longer without water than horses or mules.

http://www.desertusa.com/mag05/sep/camel.html

As the other parts of the developed world, the camel role as beast of burden was diminished in the U.S. also and was kept by hobbyist and conservationist people for years. In the recent past, the camel products, especially milk was explored by scientists and was considered as natural therapy for various complex health issues. A move to use camel milk was initiated around the world and this…

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Camel Milk is a Magic for Autistic Patients~A letter from Ram Prasath (India)

Originally posted on Natural Health with Camel Milk:

  • Dear Razir Sir,
    Thanks a lot for your kind hearted help, which made me, what seems to be a impossible to achieve considering the place where am living. Getting a camel milk to Southern part of India, Chennai from scorching Rajasthan, is a mighty task. Thanks Raziq sir, for providing me all possible inputs and continuous guidance. Am thanking Christina Adams who is the one first i contacted and, Hanwant singh Rathore and Ilse too for helping me supplying the camel milk, in a neatly packed way, so that milk doesnt get decompose. There are many significant changes in my kid after he starts taking camel milk. Currently he is taking pasteurized milk of 700ml+ daily and following are the improvements which we achieved.

    1) His unnecessary irritation has gone.
    2) His patience to wait for anything has increased considerably.
    3) His eye contact improved.
    4) His sleeping pattern has…

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Camel Journey ~ From its Original Habitat to Modern World

raziqkakar:

camel importance is increasing

Originally posted on Natural Health with Camel Milk:

Camel role is incredible in its cradle of domestication and its original habitats. In 19th Century some camels were transported to USA, Australia, and some other places for work and armies. After automobile revolution the role of camel as beast of burden was gradually diminished 1,2.

In Australia there are thousands of feral camels, now It’s estimated a million camels are roaming across Australian deserts unfortunately considered as beast. Government launches project to kill camel (considering as pest) and save the scarce water resources in the region 3. Many friends from Australia and other parts of the world (including author) raised voice to halt such killing and wasting such a unique resource . The camel activists gave many good arguments to save camel; a tool to adapt with the climate change and judiciously use of the scattered bushy vegetation of the region 4. Unfortunately there are many…

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