Thailand Catches 80 Tons Of Sea Snakes Yearly, States Conservation Biology, Clearly Unsustainable

Originally posted on Ann Novek( Luure)--With the Sky as the Ceiling and the Heart Outdoors:

Presented by
Melissa Hogenboom

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Each month, fishermen in the Gulf of Thailand risk their lives harvesting live sea snakes. It’s risky for both parties: the snakes are in danger of being over-harvested and the fishermen could get bitten.

Scientists are now calling for a monitoring programme to assess the impact the on-going trade will have on their population numbers and to look how it affects the ecosystem.

A team reports in the journal Conservation Biology that fishermen have noticed a decline in their population since 2009. The researchers now want to understand if this is due to overfishing or other factors like pollution.

Fishermen harvest sea snakes in the dead of night (Credit: Zoltan Takacs)

Fishermen harvest sea snakes in the dead of night (Credit: Zoltan Takacs)

The fishermen fish for squid with nets and hooks, and at the same time pick up hundreds of deadly sea snakes. The snakes have particularly potent venoms, which can be lethal.

Most of the…

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Small Scale Farmers Deserve Large Share Of Climate Funds

raziqkakar:

Pastoralism and small scaled agricultural farming is really a great idea. Small scaled agricultural activities, especially pastoralism is the most eco-friendly and sustainable food production system and ensure food security in the climate change context. Their animal genetic resources not only well adapted to the calamities of the climate but continuously co-evolve according to the tune of the climate and consumer demand.

Originally posted on Ann Novek( Luure)--With the Sky as the Ceiling and the Heart Outdoors:

Small-scale farmers deserve big share of climate funds: IFAD

Date:05-Dec-14
Country: PERU
Author: Saleem Shaikh

Small-scale farmers deserve big share of climate funds: IFAD Photo: Kham
farmer tends to his water buffaloes on a rice paddy field in Cong Chua village, outside Hanoi September 10, 2014.
Photo: Kham

As important food producers, small-scale farmers in the developing world should get a significant share of funds raised to help poorer countries adapt to climate change impacts and curb emissions, agriculture officials said at U.N. climate negotiations in Peru.

Investment in easy-to-access weather information, extensions services, improved disaster preparedness, and other cost-effective and efficient new technology could help small-scale farmers keep feeding themselves and their families, they said.

Farmers “are more than victims of climate change impacts,” said Gernot Laganda, head of the environment and climate change division of the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD).

“Our experience shows that the smallholder farmers are an integral part of the solution to global…

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Regional Park Botanic Garden Photos & Observations

raziqkakar:

Fauna Biodiversity … Botanical Garden

Originally posted on Natural History Wanderings:

I was at the Regional Parks Botanic Garden in Tilden Park in Berkeley today for the Roderick Lecture on “Botanizing Baja California by mule: Adventures into remote regions of Baja California, including cowboy uses of indigenous plants” by Sula Vanderplank. Before the lecture I did a short walk around the garden and took a few pictures with at compact camera. Many of the Manzanitas are starting to bloom as well as at least one species of Ribes. There is still a bit of fall color. The rains have brought out bright green in the mosses, show off the lichens, and have brought up some mushrooms. There is also a fair amount of bird activity although today the only ones I really paid attention to were Anna’s Hummingbirds and a Song Sparrow.

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Semen Collection Using Phantom in Dromedary Camel

Abstract of the work done on dromedary camel semen collection by the team of Scientists;

(The work done by a team of scientists from Iran; S. Ziapoura, A. Niasari-Naslajia, , , , M. Mirtavousia, M. Keshavarza, A. Kalantarib, H. Adelc)

two type of kohi camel

Semen collection is relatively long, unsafe, and tedious procedure in dromedary camel. The innovation of safe, hygienic, and simple approach to collect semen could make great progress in development of AI program in this species. This study investigated two methods of semen collection using phantom and artificial vagina in dromedary camel. Semen was collected using phantom (n = 4 bulls; 26 collections) and artificial vagina (n = 6 bulls; 11 collections) and diluted with INRA96 at the ratio of 1:10. The duration of semen collection, semen parameters, and morphometric features of sperm were evaluated. For specimen collected through phantom and AV, the respected duration of semen collection (411.2 ± 48.19 vs 326 ± 37.05 sec), volume (6.6 ± 0.87 vs 6 ± 1.57 ml), osmolarity (328 ± 1.6 vs 319.4 ± 3.21 mOsm/kg H2O), pH (7.7 ± 0.06 vs 7.9 ± 0.16) of semen, concentration (161.4 ± 44.05 × 106/mL vs 160.2 ± 58.42 × 106/mL), total motility (84.1 ± 1.89 vs 78.3 ± 3.97%), progressive forward motility (45.5 ± 3.69 vs 44.3 ± 6.41%), live percentage (72.2 ± 3.11 vs 76 ± 2.53%), and plasma membrane integrity (61.5 ± 2.49 vs 58.9 ± 4.19%) of sperm were similar (P > 0.05). The number of specimens contaminated with visible particles was greater using AV (72.7%) compared to phantom (0%; P < 0.05). Total length, head, middle-piece, and tail length of sperm were 45.9 ± 0.1, 5.6 ± 0.01, 7 ± 0.02, and 34.2 ± 0.16 μm, respectively. The frequency of abnormal sperm was 13.28% among which coiled tail, detached head, and proximal protoplasmic droplets had greater incidence. In conclusion, phantom could be considered as a suitable approach to collect semen due to simplicity, safety, and lack of specimen contamination in dromedary camel.

Conclusion;

phantom could be considered as a suitable approach to collect semen due to simplicity, safety, and lack of specimen contamination in dromedary camel.

 Keywords

Dromedary camelSemen collectionPhantomSemen analysis

For detail please go to the link below.

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378432014002929

Abstract published on this blog by Dr Abdul Raziq with the prior approval of Dr Niasari-Naslajia

Brela

Dairy Camel ~ Transforming from Desert Ecosystem to Modern Farming

The old world camels (Dromedary and Bactrian) are well adapted to the harsh (both cold extreme and hot extreme) and hostile (deserts with scarce water and feed availability) ecosystems of the north hemisphere of the globe. The centuries long evolution and adaptation (selection for traits of choice by pastoralists) process made it unique and highly resilient animal to the calamities of its ecosystems. The pastoralists (traditional Institutions) managed and validated precious indigenous knowledge of camel husbandry, behavior, welfare, products development & management, breeding & neonatal care, health and recreation in the course of history while facing many challenges. The camel was mainly used in that period (pre-historic to automobile) as a beast of burden (wars, pastoral transportation, desert accessibility etc), while milk, meat and other products were used as by-products (additional asset).

The onset of automobile industry replaced (the intensity increased with the modernization and abundance of automobile) the role of camel as beast of burden. This evolution resulted camel to turn to its original task ~ The Milk. The thin/ smart and light camel types (mostly from desert) desert were selected for racing and riding. Camel racing – (a multi-million dollar industry in the Middle East) evolved and a set of racing norms along with rules and regulations came in being. Today UAE is home to this joyful sport and camel with racing traits are attracting million of AED annually.

The heavy camel with clear body confirmation, well confirmed udder, milk vein etc are selected for milk production and use as dairy animals. Again a modern dairy industry is co-evolving towards a modern camel dairy in the Middle East. As camels have roots in Arab culture, both type of camel activities (racing and dairying) are developed and established in this region with dry ecosystem.  I really do not know about the challenges being face by the race industry, the hurdles in the dairy industry are much obvious and easy to established. Selection for dairy traits (its heritibility) is still a dream in the emerging industry. The breeding goals for this purpose are not yet established and practice.

This shift from the old to modern camel agriculture resulted in many challenges. One of the main constraint of the modern (confined dairying) is the intensive environment (housing, feeding, milking and breeding etc) which bring many hurdles like  fatigue/weakness, craving/weakness, mastitis and welfare, infertility etc. Selection for body/udder confirmation is hardly practice while selecting/buying a camel for dairy purpose which leads to difficulties in milking and handling in modern milking parlor.

Camel feeding is another contstraint, especially in confinement. Scientific approach is seldom practice in this regard. In most of the cases Alfalfa or other type of hays along with some TMR and mineral mixture. I think the camel needs more (some unidentified fectors~as camel have special physiology) as camel had evolved with the unique feed requirements. Author documented more than 50 plant species as like/feed by camel in free roaming feeding system of Suleiman Mountainous Region of Pakistan. Narrowing the diversity of feed items may cause/enhance the issues like fatigue, mastitis, and fever etc. Camel nutrition (dairy) is the utmost need issue and need further scientific research and practice.

The combination of narrowing diversity of feed items, confinement and stress (parlor along with intensity of treatment) invite complex ailment situation which affect both the animal itself and probably the products consumers. Such challenges need to be addressed technically and scientifically with the course of time. A strange and painful factor (hiding experience) has been noticed among the camel dairy technical practitioners as they avoid to share knowledge. Some technical personal and scientists do not want to share their experience and knowledge to keep their position strong and important.  Institutional support is lacking and research institutes prioritize cow dairy and other fields (with more research articles and subject material). University level subjects related to camel and its modern role must be incorporated for the students of the region. Institutional support in all aspect of modern camel farming is the pivotal part of camel development. The author has suggested a scientific session on modern camel dairying and its challenges in the next ISOCARD conference (2015 Kazakhstan).

Camel Milk is now Available in Karachi Metropolis

raziqkakar:

Camel milk powder and Ice cream will be soon available in the market as Al Ain dairy is launching these new camel products. Some one can import and convert it to liquid milk. Now camel milk is easy to find and use. Though the best product is the fresh milk produce in natural habitat of camel while browsing on natural fauna.

Originally posted on Camel, food security and climate change :

When I started my camel research in 2005, very scares or few information were available on camel in Pakistan. Very few among the city dwellers were aware about the peculiarities of camel milk, especially milk. There we no information available as separate entity on camel milk in government economic survey etc. Camel milk was considered as other milk than cow and buffalo. Image

The policy makers were completely blank about camel and its role in Pakistan. I completed my research/thesis of PhD on this unique animal and proved its value as a live animal, role of products and also role in culture and heritage. Now camel is getting more and more importance. Pakistani camel are now well documented in breeds and their worth is well defined. Now there are many people who know about camel importance in the cities also. The camel herders already knew it since centuries. My article on camel as unique and…

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Lyme Disease and Camel Milk

Symptoms of Lyme disease yeast infection can include a fawn colour coating of the tongue, halitosis, dysgeusia (an abnormal taste in the mouth), and gastrointestinal symptoms such as abdominal distension, gas, flatulence, cramps, diarrhoea, nausea and vomiting, indigestion, heartburn (acid reflux), and other problems.

lyme-disease-yeast-infection-oral-thrush

According to our traditional knowledge (TK), the Pashtun Pastoralists directly strip camel milk in the mouth of the affected patient. They practice it 3-4 times daily (3-5 days) and the patient recover in 5-9 days. This practice is being used since centuries and it is very useful. Some people use goat milk in the same way for this disease.

Positive results with drinking of camel milk for the treatment of Lyme is also reported from the other parts of the world.  According to renowned Physician Dr Millie Hinkel from USA ‘I’am seeing such positive results with Lyme disease patients who are on the camel milk.  The joint pain and muscle fatigue seem to disappear and the gut issues dissipate usually within a few days to a few weeks.

Camelait is Al Ain dairy product. It is pasteurized camel milk.
Camelait is Al Ain dairy product. It is pasteurized camel milk.

Al Ain Dairy produces thousands of litre camel milk daily. The product is available with the name of CAMELAIT.

CAMEL MILK A NATURAL PHARMACY………..Dr Abdul Raziq Kakar

agri4africa

raziqkakar:

After my ideas of camel4all and camel4milk, my friend Usman introduced agri4africa.

Originally posted on Dr. B. A. Usman's Blog:

Agricultural transformation is a priority for Africa. Across the continent, the significant information needs of farmers ? accurate local weather forecasts, relevant advice on agricultural practices and input use, real time price information and market logistics ? remain largely unmet. To the extent that rural regions are typically sparsely populated with limited infrastructure and dispersed markets, the use of innovative information and communication technologies (ICTs) overcome some of these information asymmetries and connect farmers to opportunities that weren’t necessarily available to them earlier. Harnessing the rapid growth of digital technologies holds hope for transformative agricultural development.

Source: agri4africa.com

See on Scoop.itPrecision Agriculture

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cropped-img_0485.jpg

New Market for Camel Milk and Shark Fish Conservation

In Japan health conscious people use Shark fins for natural and good health as (they think) nanobodies (NB) found in Shark fins are health promising and aphrodisiac. This is the reason that Shark prices are very high in Japan. Recent studies revealed that such NB are found in camel milk are more richer than the Shark fins.

IMG_2980

A famous chef name Chinn (protecting Shark) even claimed “Shark’s fin soup has no taste! You take fins off a shark and you don’t really get anything. There’s no value except what you’re paying for.” Camel milk can be a good source of NB and reasonable replacement to the Shark fins. Hence, we can say that Japan and Korean Peninsula can be the new and emerging market for camel milk. Just a brain storming.

shark fins

Camel Milk and Challenges of Modern Time; The Concept of Natural Health

One of the alarming challenges of modern time is accumulation of heavy metals in food chain. Heavy metals (lead, copper, mercury and arsenic etc) are making its way in our food chain through different routes. All our food and water come through pipes and synthetic plastic etc which affect hazardous on our health. These toxic material accumulates in the body and cause many negative affect on different functions of the body. The young are more prone to the toxic effects of heavy metals. Childhood exposure to some metals can result in learning difficulties, memory impairment, damage to the nervous system, and behavioural problems. At higher doses, heavy metals can cause irreversible brain damage. Children may receive higher doses of metals from food than adults, since they consume more food for their body weight than adults.

Severe effects include reduced growth and development, cancer, organ damage, nervous system damage, and in extreme cases, death. Exposure to some metals, such as mercury and lead, may also cause development of autoimmunity, in which a person’s immune system attacks its own cells. This can lead to joint diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, and diseases of the kidneys, circulatory system, and nervous system.

This has led researchers to seek alternative solutions for decontaminating environmental sites and humans themselves. A number of environmental micro-organisms have long been known for their ability to bind metals, but less well appreciated are human gastrointestinal bacteria. Species such as Lactobacillus, have the ability to bind and detoxify some of these substances. This review examines the current understanding of detoxication mechanisms of lactobacilli and how, in the future, humans and animals might benefit from these organisms in removing environmental contamination of food.

Interview about camel production and pastoralism to the local tv channel of ARY

In such complicated state of situation, the old food (camel milk) is realized as one of the best tool to combat. Not only a food but a gift of nature for natural health and beauty. Scientific studies revealed that fermented camel milk have wide range of lactic acid Bacteria which can be a good tool to minimize heavy metal consequences. Camel milk can be a great source of natural health for the infants in two way, i.e minimizing the risk of heavy metals and its closeness to human milk composition.